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Gold, which has the oldest history among precious metals, has been used for centuries as a jewel of admiration because it is durable, sculpted and rare.
 
The rarity makes gold valuable. It is not only the foundation of the oldest monetary systems, but also plays an important role in the world economy.
 
Gold is not only used as jewelry, but also in electrical / electronics, aerospace, dentistry, medicine, chemical industry.
 
Particularities that make gold a valuable mineral; It is rare, resistant to corrosion, malleable and has high density and weight compared to other metals. It has a color appeal, melts at high temperatures and does not deform and it is also used industrially.
 
When buying gold jewelry, make sure that the jewelry bears the stamp with the carat of the gold and the company logo.
 
HISTORY
 
Gold is the first atomic element mentioned in the Holy Books.
Ancient humans could only find gold in waterbeds. They quickly matched the pieces found with the sun god, who gave them light, warmth, and harvest. They also used in religious ceremonies and primitive civilizations as a ceremonial object.
BC In the year 700 gold was used in business life.
In 550 BC, the Lydian government coined the first gold coin.
From the Middle Ages, the discovery of gold mines led to significant migrations in gold exploration.
In the 19th century, the "Thousand" system was developed to determine the value of gold.
In 1849, a water mill worker in California, who incidentally found gold in the stream bed, launched the "Gold Rush."
The largest gold reserve in the world is discovered in South America's Witwatersrand.
The largest gold bullion till today has been discovered in Victoria, Australia. This "bullion" called "Welcome Stranger" weighs 78 kg. and 91 percent were pure gold.
In addition to the economy, gold turned into jewelry thanks to its charm.
Transmitted from generation to generation, it also created value as a souvenir / jewelry.
Due to its natural beauty, workability, high value and historical background, gold has become the most important metal jewel in the world.
 
VALUE
 
The gold value is determined by the purity of the gold. The gold, which has a purity of 999.9 with a value of 24 K and contains no other metals and / or elements, is referred to as pure gold.
Karat is the unit of measurement for the purity of gold in the world. 1 carat has 1/24 purity, so pure gold is 24 carat.
Because pure gold is so soft for use as a 24ct gold jewelry, its hardness is increased by mixing it with various metals such as silver, nickel and copper.
18 carats means that 24 carats are made of 18 carats of pure gold and the remaining 6 carats of other metals.
In addition, in the 19th century the "Thousand" system was developed to determine the value of gold. For example, 18ct gold is defined as 750, 750 is pure gold and the remaining 250 are the other metals.
 
 
 

Karat

Golden Ratio Gold Percentage 

Purity

24K

24/24

99,9%

999 or1000

22K

22/24

91,6%

916 or917

21K

21/24

87,5%

875

18K

18/24

75,0%

750

15K

15/24

62,5%

625

14K

14/24

58,3%

583 or 585

12K

12/24

50,0%

500

10K

10/24

41,6%

416 or 417

9K

9/24

37,5%

375

8K

8/24

33,3%

333

 
COLOURS
 
 
Alloy metals are mixed with metals such as gold, silver, nickel, copper. Its color and hardness are changed.
 
Gold is mixed with different metals to create different colors. The point here is that the value of gold does not change because of the color. For example, an 18ct gold ring is made of 18ct pure gold, whether it's yellow, pink or white.
 
As shown below, different mixtures affect the color of gold.
 
For Example/ if the gold;
 
mixed with copper: pink
mixed with copper and zinc or copper and silver: yellow
mixed with silver, copper and zinc: green
mixed with Nikel, zinc, copper and manganese: white
 
 
GOLD MAINTANENCE
 
 
"Do not store your jewelry in a closed, airless environment (safe, steel, etc.) for long periods of time." Oxygen-free environments can oxidize the surface of the jewelry and cause discolouration. Keep jewelry away from substances containing acidic compounds, bleach, Contain acetone and similar chemicals.
Even dishwashing detergents and hand creams can destroy the natural look of your jewelry. Hair sprays and cosmetics can also damage your pearl jewelry. After such operations, you can clean the products with flannel or similar soft fabrics. Be sure to remove your jewelry before you start cleaning and doing similar routine work in the garden, doing sports and swimming in chlorine pools. Store your jewelry either in its original packaging or independently in a box so that it does not come into contact with each other. Products with  precious stones can cause scratches if they come into contact with other jewelry. "